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  • Mining and Refining Bauxite Residue Management

    Bauxite residue is a by-product of the Bayer Process. It is primarily composed of the insoluble fraction of the bauxite ore that remains after extraction of the aluminium-containing components. Iron oxides (10 30%), titanium dioxide (2 15%), silicon oxide (5 20%) and undissolved alumina (0 20%) make up the residue, together with a wide

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  • Dealkalization processes of bauxite residue: A

    In conclusion, the alkaline substances in bauxite residue are formed mainly in pre-desilication and digestion processes. Besides, a small amount of alkaline substances is formed by adding additives (such as flocculants) during clarification and separation process.

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  • Removal of Cr (Ⅲ) from aqueous solution by using bauxite

    2020. 4. 1.· Bauxite residue was first calcined at 200 and 800 °C for 4 h, with 0.1 mol/L HCl then added and reacted for 3 h at 80 °C. Finally, the sample was washed for three times using deionized water, and then centrifuged followed by the removal of the supernatant. The residue was dried at 90 °C.

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  • (PDF) Geotechnical Characterization of Bauxite Residue

    Bauxite residue demonstrates a high resistance to erosion. Lastly, bauxite residue has a high pH (pH > 13) that must be addressed before the material could be used in a levee.

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  • Report 0: Bauxite deposits and bauxite residue accumulations in

    2019. 2. 28.· Conclusion Some guidelines for further evaluation of REE potential in bauxite and red mud within REEBAUX project scope 18 ANNEX (Overview of bauxite deposits in Austria) 20 References 21 . 1 1. INTRODUCTION bauxite and bauxite residue for a

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  • Understanding desilication products in bauxite refinery residues

    2016. 10. 27.· Bauxite refinery residue (red mud) is a waste by-product generated by the extraction of alumina from bauxite ores [1-3]. Bauxite residue is generated through the Bayer process, which involves the digestion of bauxite ore using concentrated sodium hydroxide at elevated temperatures and pressures [1, 3, 4]. The residue is a hazardous

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  • Acid transformation of bauxite residue: Conversion of its

    Bauxite residue (BR) is a highly alkaline solid hazardous waste produced from bauxite processing for alumina production. Alkaline transformation appears to reduce the environmental risk of bauxite

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  • Overview of Known Alkaliphilic Bacteria from Bauxite Residue

    Bauxite Residue Characterization. Bauxite residue, also known as red mud, is an insoluble byproduct generated from the extraction of alumina from bauxite during the Bayer process (Figure 1), a crucial step in manufacturing aluminum. Solid waste residue is generated from the digestion of bauxite ores with caustic soda for alumina (Al 2 O 3) production [11].

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  • Bauxite Residues 91.3 Industry World Aluminium

    2013. 1. 15.· and refl ec ng local clima c, geographic, regulatory, residue proper es and other condi- ons; 4. Conclusion of bauxite residue solids disposal to marine & aqua c environment: The indus-try commits to the conclusion of the few remaining aqua c and marine disposal ac vi es by 2016; 5.

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  • The Transformation of Bauxite to Aluminum (and the

    Once this reaction has occurred, bauxite residue can be separated from the solution through a sedimentation process. The alumina can then be crystallized from the solution via a precipitation process which carries out the following reaction: Al Conclusion

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  • Efficient separation of rare earths recovered by a

    Bauxite residue (BR) or red mud is a by-product generated after alkali leaching of bauxite for alumina production in the Bayer process. 4–8 The variation in BR composition is extremely wide but generally BR is rich in Fe 2 O 3 (5–60

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  • Understanding desilication products in bauxite refinery residues

    2016. 10. 27.· Bauxite refinery residue (red mud) is a waste by-product generated by the extraction of alumina from bauxite ores [1-3]. Bauxite residue is generated through the Bayer process, which involves the digestion of bauxite ore using concentrated sodium hydroxide at elevated temperatures and pressures [1, 3, 4]. The residue is a hazardous

    Details >
  • Report 0: Bauxite deposits and bauxite residue accumulations in

    2019. 2. 28.· Conclusion Some guidelines for further evaluation of REE potential in bauxite and red mud within REEBAUX project scope 18 ANNEX (Overview of bauxite deposits in Austria) 20 References 21 . 1 1. INTRODUCTION bauxite and bauxite residue for a

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  • Bauxite Residues 91.3 Industry World Aluminium

    2013. 1. 15.· and refl ec ng local clima c, geographic, regulatory, residue proper es and other condi- ons; 4. Conclusion of bauxite residue solids disposal to marine & aqua c environment: The indus-try commits to the conclusion of the few remaining aqua c and marine disposal ac vi es by 2016; 5.

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  • Recovery of Gallium from Bauxite Residue Using

    Bauxite residue is the byproduct of alumina production and is generated in the Bayer process when bauxite is digested in hot NaOH under elevated temperature and pressure. It is available at a multimillion ton scale worldwide as the global inventory of bauxite residue already reached an estimated 2.7 billion tons by 2011 [ 8 ] with an annual production rate of 150 million tons [ 9 ].

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  • Acid transformation of bauxite residue: Conversion of

    Bauxite residue, a byproduct of alumina manufacture, is a serious environmental pollutant due to its high leaching contents of metals and caustic compounds.

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  • Overview of Known Alkaliphilic Bacteria from Bauxite

    Bauxite Residue Characterization. Bauxite residue, also known as red mud, is an insoluble byproduct generated from the extraction of alumina from bauxite during the Bayer process (Figure 1), a crucial step in manufacturing aluminum. Solid waste residue is generated from the digestion of bauxite ores with caustic soda for alumina (Al 2 O 3) production [11].

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  • Use of redsand(bauxite residue) as a green material with replacement to natural

    2018. 2. 26.· Conclusion from references Very large quantity of redsand(bauxite residue) is generated and possesses very serious environmental problem for its disposal health hazardous itself. Neutralization of redsand is also a serious problem and uneconomical. Disposal procedure of neutralizing red sand with natural sea water is also

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  • Red Mud: A Wealth of Opportunity for Metal Recovery

    Red mud, also commonly called bauxite residue, is a waste product left over from the Bayer process, in which alumina is extracted from bauxite ore. Produced in mass quantities (estimates hover around 1-2 tons of red mud per ton of alumina produced), red mud

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  • ORIGIN OF BAUXITE WUR

    by Sinclair's assumption that none of the weathered insoluble residue of the limestone was removed from the region. It would seem a valid overall conclusion that the removal of the thickness of White Limestone necessary for the residual weathering of bauxite genesis in Jamaica is possible in the time since erosion is

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